China’s central bank unexpectedly keeps medium-term policy rates unchanged

China mourns for coronavirus (COVID-19) victims on Qingming tomb sweeping festival
FILE PHOTO: The Chinese national flag flies at half-mast at the headquarters of the People's Bank of China, the central bank (PBOC), as China holds a national mourning for those who died of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), on the Qingming tomb-sweeping festival in Beijing, China April 4, 2020. REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

March 15, 2022

SHANGHAI (Reuters) -China’s central bank kept some of its policy rates unchanged in a liquidity operation on Tuesday, dashing expectations for a cut, although investors believe policymakers may resume monetary easing soon to prop up the cooling economy.

The surprise decision comes a day before the U.S. Federal Reserve is expected to deliver its first interest rate hike in three years and analysts say Beijing may want to avoid widening policy divergence for the time being.

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) said it would keep the rate on 200 billion yuan ($31.44 billion) worth of one-year medium-term lending facility (MLF) loans to some financial institutions unchanged at 2.85% from the previous operation.

The operation resulted in a net injection of 100 billion yuan in fresh funds, replacing the 100 billion yuan due to mature on Tuesday. The PBOC attributed the move to “maintaining banking system liquidity reasonably ample”, according to an online statement.

Most traders and analysts in a Reuters poll predicted a reduction to the one-year MLF rate.

Ken Cheung, chief Asian FX strategist at Mizuho Bank, said the PBOC avoided adjusting its key interest rates ahead of the Fed’s policy meeting, at which the U.S. central bank is widely expected to raise interest rates.

“But the PBOC will ease monetary policy further by lowering policy interest rates in order to reach the government’s annual growth target of around 5.5%,” Cheung said.

He expects the PBOC to cut MLF rate in April when China reports its first quarter growth.

Major global central banks including United States, Britain and Japan are scheduled to meet this week, with most of them set to turn hawkish in monetary policy stance. China’s policy divergence could prompt capital outflow risks.

Also, lowering the MLF rate may not necessarily bring about the desired improvement in credit demand, Marco Sun, chief financial markets analyst at MUFG argued.

The PBOC may want to wait to see the effects of its cut to key rates in January before additional easing, Sun said, adding he still sees the possibility for banks to lower the lending benchmark loan prime rate (LPR) this month.

The central bank also injected 10 billion yuan through seven-day reverse repos to offset same amount of such loans due on the same day, while keeping borrowing costs unchanged at 2.1%, according to the statement.

($1 = 6.3607 Chinese yuan)

(Reporting by Winni Zhou and Andrew Galbraith; Editing by Kim Coghill and Sam Holmes)