Britain's Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond leaves 11 Downing Street in London, Britain, March 7, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls
March 7, 2018
By William Schomberg and Andrew MacAskill
LONDON (Reuters) – British finance minister Philip Hammond will tell the European Union on Wednesday that it must drop its tough stance on the City of London and allow Britain’s giant financial services sector to be part of a post-Brexit trade deal.
The EU’s draft guidelines for a trade deal with Britain released on Wednesday will only offer financial services firms limited access to the bloc’s single market after Brexit.
But Hammond will say the EU had sought to include financial services in other trade agreements in the past, and it made no sense to exclude them from the Brexit deal that London and Brussels are due to hammer out in the coming months.
London vies with New York as the world’s financial capital, dominates global foreign exchange, hosts the largest commercial insurance market and more banks than any other center, something Hammond said helped EU companies and consumers.
“It is time to address the skeptics who say a trade deal including financial services cannot be done because it has never been done before,” he was due to say in a speech, excerpts of which were released to the media.
“To them I say every trade deal the EU has ever done has been unique. The EU has never negotiated the same arrangement twice,” Hammond said, pointing to the bloc’s trade deals with Turkey, Canada, Singapore, South Korea and Switzerland.
A stand-off between Britain and the EU over financial services — which account for over a tenth of British economic output — is shaping up to be one of the key Brexit battlegrounds before Britain leaves the bloc in March 2019.
Some analysts say the sector could be a big loser from Brexit but many banks have so far made only limited moves away from London. Top U.S. investment banks plan to hire far more people in London than anywhere else in Europe.
The EU’s guidelines say despite Britain’s geographic proximity, Europe’s largest financial capital will end up adrift after Brexit with the same access to the EU as other countries like Singapore.
CHALLENGING, BUT POSSIBLE
In his speech on Wednesday, Hammond will say Brussels originally aimed to include financial services in a free trade deal with Canada which in the end failed to provide much new access for banks. The EU had also wanted to include the sector in now-stalled trade talks with the United States.
“At the time, people rightly argued that this was a challenging objective. But it need not be so in a partnership between the UK and the EU,” he said. “Our markets are already deeply interconnected.
“So I am clear not only that it is possible to include financial services within a trade deal, but that it is very much in our mutual interest to do so.”
The EU has said Britain cannot continue to have free access to the single market because it has ruled out continuing to meet its membership conditions — chief among them the free movement of workers from other EU countries to Britain.
EU officials have also said services are not usually included in trade deals which tend to focus on lowering barriers to goods instead.
Prime Minister Theresa May said on Friday that financial services should be part of Britain’s new relationship with the EU and London would promise to preserve similar regulatory standards, echoing a proposal made by Britain’s finance industry.
The City of London’s Lord Mayor backed that call on Wednesday, saying keeping British and EU rules in lock-step after Brexit was an ambitious but achievable goal.
However, the EU has already said such a plan is not acceptable. On Tuesday, France said there was little chance of securing a free trade deal for financial services that would provide the degree of access sought by the sector.
(Writing by William Schomberg; Editing by Angus MacSwan and Catherine Evans)