U.S. sanctions North Korean missile experts, Russia offers to mediate

People watch a television broadcast of a news report in Seoul on North Korea firing what appeared to be an ICBM that landed close to Japan
FILE PHOTO: People watch a television broadcast of a news report on North Korea firing what appeared to be an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that landed close to Japan, in Seoul, South Korea, November 29, 2017. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji

December 27, 2017

By David Brunnstrom and Denis Pinchuk

WASHINGTON/MOSCOW (Reuters) – The United States announced sanctions on two of North Korea’s most prominent officials behind its ballistic missile program on Tuesday, while Russia reiterated an offer to mediate to ease tension between Washington and Pyongyang.

The new U.S. steps were the latest in a campaign aimed at forcing North Korea – which has defied years of multilateral and bilateral sanctions – to abandon a weapons program aimed at developing nuclear-tipped missiles capable of hitting the United States.

“Treasury is targeting leaders of North Korea’s ballistic missile programs, as part of our maximum pressure campaign to isolate (North Korea) and achieve a fully denuclearized Korean Peninsula,” Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement.

The move followed new United Nations sanctions announced last Friday in response to North Korea’s Nov. 29 test of an ICBM that Pyongyang said put all of the U.S. mainland within range of its nuclear weapons. Those sanctions sought to further limit North Korea’s access to refined petroleum products and crude oil and its earnings from workers abroad.

North Korea declared the U.N. steps to be an act of war and tantamount to a complete economic blockade.

The standoff between the United States and North Korea has raised fears of a new conflict on the Korean peninsula, which has remained in a technical state of war since the 1950-53 Korean War ended in an armistice, not a peace treaty.

The United States has said that all options, including military ones, are on the table in dealing with North Korea. It says it prefers a diplomatic solution, but that North Korea has given no indication it is willing to discuss denuclearization.

LEADING EXPERTS

The U.S. Treasury named the targeted officials as Kim Jong Sik and Ri Pyong Chol. It said Kim was reportedly a major figure in North Korea’s efforts to switch its missile program from liquid to solid fuel, while Ri was reported to be a key official in its intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) development.

The largely symbolic steps block any property or interests the two might have within U.S. jurisdiction and prohibit any dealings by U.S. citizens with them.

With their ruling Workers Party, military and scientific credentials, the men are two of three top experts considered indispensable to North Korea’s rapidly developing weapons programs.

Photographs and television footage show that the men are clearly among North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s favorites. Their behavior with him is sharply at variance with the obsequiousness of other senior aides, most of whom bow and hold their hands over their mouths when speaking to the young leader.

Ri is one of the most prominent aides, and likely represents the Workers Party on the missile program, experts say.

Born in 1948, Ri was partly educated in Russia and promoted when Kim Jong Un started to rise through the ranks in the late 2000s.

Ri has visited China once and Russia twice. He met China’s defense minister in 2008 as the air force commander and accompanied Kim Jong Il on a visit to a Russian fighter jet factory in 2011, according to state media.

Kim Jong Sik is a prominent rocket scientist who rose after playing a role in North Korea’s first successful launch of a rocket in 2012.

He started his career as a civilian aeronautics technician, but now wears the uniform of a military general at the Munitions Industry Department, according to experts and the South Korean government.

Many other details, including his age, are not known.

KREMLIN OFFER

On Tuesday, the Kremlin, which has long called for the United States and North Korea to negotiate, said it was ready to act as a mediator if the two sides were willing for it to play such a role.

“Russia’s readiness to clear the way for de-escalation is obvious,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.

Asked to comment on the offer, a spokesman for the U.S. State Department, Justin Higgins, said the United States “has the ability to communicate with North Korea through a variety of diplomatic channels”, and added:

“We want the North Korean regime to understand that there is a different path that it can choose, however it is up to North Korea to change course and return to credible negotiations.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who made a similar offer on Monday, told U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in a phone call on Tuesday that “Washington’s aggressive rhetoric” and beefing up of its military presence in the region had heightened tension and was unacceptable, his ministry said.

Lavrov underscored the need for “the fastest move to the negotiating process from the language of sanctions”, it said.

Another U.S. State Department spokesman, Michael Cavey, said Washington remained open to talks, but the onus was on North Korea “to take sincere and meaningful actions toward denuclearization and refrain from further provocations.”

South Korea’s Unification Ministry forecast on Tuesday that North Korea would look to open negotiations with the United States next year while continuing to seek recognition as a de facto nuclear power.

The United States has stressed the need for all countries, especially Russia, and China – North Korea’s main trading partner – to fully implement sanctions, including by cutting off oil supplies.

According to Chinese customs data, China exported no oil products to North Korea in November, apparently going above and beyond U.N. sanctions imposed earlier in the year.

China also imported no North Korean iron ore, coal or lead in November, the second full month of those trade sanctions, the data showed.

China has not disclosed its crude exports to North Korea for several years, but industry sources say it still supplies about 520,000 tonnes, or 3.8 million barrels, a year to the country via an aging pipeline.

North Korea also sources some of its oil from Russia.

Trade between North Korea and China has slowed through the year, particularly after China banned coal purchases in February.

Chinese exports of corn to North Korea in November also slumped, down 82 percent from a year earlier to 100 tonnes, the lowest since January. Exports of rice plunged 64 percent to 672 tonnes, the lowest since March.

(Reporting by Denis Pinchuk and Vladimir Soldatkin in Moscow; Additional reporting by Susan Heavey in Washington; Writing by Polina Ivanova; Editing by Alistair Bell and James Dalgleish)

  • Joaquin Quinones

    “screw that” I thirst for the Usa to snap & clip the Nk and get a hold of all these Demon and just rid them once and for all🙏

  • Sonny Shaw

    That is like getting the Russian to mediate the departure of Syrian President Assad. Russia and China both contributed to the existence of the little dictator of North Korea. He is nothing but a two bit dictator and the US will not be negotiating with any North Korean dictators until 2056.

  • Javanne

    The Russian offer can be dismissed, since they cannot be trusted. Sanctions are always porous, and the current ones have been no different. Assassination of these guys and all the rest of their nuclear, missile, biological, and chemical experts would be more effective.

  • Harold Swift

    This is not
    NK. This is the Chinese perpetrators providing all the brains, brawn, hardware
    and technical needs to browbeat and intimidate the world . GET THAT THROUGH
    YOUR HEADS. Do you think a little punk nation can do all this? They can’t
    even feed their own people. This little pimp is lucky just to be able to get up
    every morning and get to the launch site.

  • BLUE

    ….now, we begin with the predicted N.KOREA/CHINA/RUSSIA stall game.
    This will make TRUMP and the U.S. out to be the bad guys if they attempt to defeat n.korea…just as CHINA/RUSSIA planned it, years ago.
    They will intervene and we will find ourselves in a loseable 6-front war.
    Place your bets …….

  • Al Lejdly

    Does his mean Trump can collude with Russia now? I can just see all the heads exploding on the left.

  • ray stagger

    North Korea will .. never .. give up the atomic bomb and intercontinental missiles .. tell ya why…

    Kim Jong-un understand that the cabal (deep state) in the US does regime change … it invades (example: Iraq) or the CIA arranges regime change (example: Libya, Syria) through proxy mercenaries … but the US has NEVER invaded a country with atomic weapons and never will start a war with a nuclear capability.

    So Kim Jong-un rushes for this ‘insurance policy’. China does not want the Korean peninsula to change (politically) so it told Kim that if Kim starts a war with the US he is on his own .. and if the US starts a war there – China *will* step in. China sees how NATO has encroached upon Russia (NATO missiles are now just short range miles from Moscow) in complete disregard to detente agreements. So China will not prevent Kim from his nuclear missiles and that will insure it will not have NATO on China’s boarder.

    • BLUE

      SURE
      N.KOREA …IS China

      • Harold Swift

        At least someone gets the picture here. Thanks Blue

        • BLUE

          It’s been this way for 4 decades, plus.
          Not only n. korea, but, Iran as well.
          We could EASILY lose this war.

    • William Roosa

      Great analysis. Now if we could only get the media to help (OANN excluded) with framing the message……

    • Harold Swift

      NATO SUCKS

  • “I’m a Rooster!”

    Mmm? Let’s get one Communist country to mediate for the U.S. for another Communist country who wants to destroy Americans. In my humble opinion, this smells of something rank.

    • All American

      In December 1945, the Soviets installed Kim as chairman of the North Korean branch of the Korean Communist Party.
      Kim family placement over NK by Soviets!

      • “I’m a Rooster!”

        I figured as much. It makes sense.

        • All American

          It is history 👍🏻

          • Harold Swift

            Dems obliterate all history