Russia’s Zapad war games unnerve the West

NATO eFP battlegroup soldiers attend a sniper shooting competition in Rukla
NATO eFP battlegroup soldiers attend a sniper shooting competition in Rukla, Lithuania September 13, 2017. REUTERS/Ints Kalnins

September 13, 2017

By Robin Emmott and Andrius Sytas

TALLINN/VILNIUS (Reuters) – From planes, radars and ships in the Baltics, NATO officials say they are watching Russia’s biggest war games since 2013 with “calm and confidence”, but many are unnerved about what they see as Moscow testing its ability to wage war against the West.

NATO believes the exercises, officially starting on Thursday in Belarus, the Baltic Sea, western Russia and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad, are already underway. It says they are larger than Moscow has publicized, numbering some 100,000 troops, and involve firing nuclear-capable ballistic missiles.

Codenamed Zapad or “West”, NATO officials say the drills will simulate a conflict with the U.S.-led alliance intended to show Russia’s ability to mass large numbers of troops at very short notice in the event of a conflict.

“NATO remains calm and vigilant,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said last week during a visit to an Estonian army base where British troops have been stationed since March.

But Lithuania’s Defense Minister Raimundas Karoblis was less sanguine, voicing widely-felt fears that the drills risk triggering an accidental conflict or could allow Moscow to leave troops in neighboring Belarus.

“We can’t be totally calm. There is a large foreign army massed next to Lithuanian territory,” he told Reuters.

Some Western officials including the head of the U.S. Army in Europe, Gen. Ben Hodges, have raised concerns that Russia might use the drills as a “Trojan horse” to make incursions into Poland and Russian-speaking regions in the Baltics.

The Kremlin firmly rejects any such plans. Russia says some 13,000 troops from Russia and Belarus will be involved in the Sept. 14-20 drills, below an international threshold that requires large numbers of outside observers.

NATO will send three experts to so-called ‘visitor days’ during the exercises, but a NATO official said these were no substitute for meeting internationally-agreed norms at such exercises that include talking to soldiers and briefings.

Moscow says it is the West that threatens stability in eastern Europe because the U.S.-led NATO alliance has put a 4,000-strong multinational force in the Baltics and Poland.

Wrong-footed by Moscow in the recent past, with Russia’s seizure of Crimea in 2014 and its intervention in Syria’s war in 2015, NATO is distrustful of the Kremlin’s public message.

In Crimea, Moscow proved a master of “hybrid warfare”, with its mix of cyber attacks, disinformation campaigns and use of Russian and local forces without insignia.

One senior European security official said Zapad would merge manoeuvres across Russia’s four western military districts in a “complex, multi-dimensional aggressive, anti-NATO exercise”.

“It is all smoke and mirrors,” the official said, adding that the Soviet-era Zapad exercises that were revived in 1999 had included simulated nuclear strikes on Europe.

NATO officials say they have been watching Russia’s preparations for months, including the use of hundreds of rail cars to carry tanks and other heavy equipment into Belarus.

As a precaution, the U.S. Army has moved 600 paratroopers to the Baltics during Zapad and has taken over guardianship of the airspace of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, which lack capable air forces and air defense systems.


Russia’s military show of force raises some uncomfortable questions for the alliance because NATO cannot yet mass large numbers of troops quickly, despite the United States’ military might, NATO officials and diplomats said.

NATO, a 29-nation defense pact created in 1949 to deter the Soviet threat, has already begun its biggest modernization since the Cold War, sending four battalions to the Baltics and Poland, setting up an agile, high-readiness spearhead force, and developing its cyberspace defenses.

But NATO has deliberately taken a slowly-slowly approach to its military build-up to avoid being sucked into a new arms race, even as Russia has stationed anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles in Kaliningrad, the Black Sea and Syria.

“The last thing we want is a military escalation with Russia,” said one senior NATO official involved in military planning, referring to Zapad.

In the event of any potential Russian incursion into the Baltics or Poland, NATO’s new multinational forces would quickly need large reinforcements. But a 40,000-strong force agreed in 2015 is still being developed, officials say.

Lithuania’s Karoblis said he hoped to see progress by the next summit of NATO leaders in July 2018.

Baltic politicians want more discretion given to NATO to fight any aggressor in the event of an attack, without waiting for the go-ahead from allied governments.

During Zapad, NATO is taking a low-key approach by running few exercises, including an annual sniper exercise in Lithuania. Only non-NATO member Sweden is holding a large-scale drill.

NATO Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe James Everard told Reuters there was no need to mirror Zapad. “It’s not a competition,” he said during a visit to NATO forces in Latvia.

(Additional reporting by Gederts Gelzis in Latvia; Editing by Gareth Jones)

  • Eric Adams

    Looks Like King Rootin Pootin is still playing his chess game. Sitting in the shadows and waiting to take some more land.

  • Rosicrucian32

    You mean Mitt wasn’t wrong? Barry wasn’t right?
    The world is upside down? JV is really Varsity?
    WOW, it’d make you think that everyone in DC is full of shyte……….if I didn’t already know better.

  • Just Saying-2

    I’m no fan of Russia but their responsibility is to Russia not to how we feel about their exercise. We should and do the same things.

  • Todd Marshall White

    I find it ironic that Russia and China want the USA and South Korea to cease its war games but yet here is Russia and Belarus having war games. Such hypocrisy amazes me.

  • CDG

    Everyone will continue to remain suspicious of Russian intentions as long as it still has Cold War/USSR era leadership. The Soviet Union controlled a huge amount of territory. Putin would give his left nut to return to those glory days of strength. Russian suffered through a great deal of humiliation in the 90’s after the collapse of the S.U. Those nations that were forced into the USSR rightly have no desire to return to the days when they were ruled by Moscow. It’s not a surprise they want to join NATO and/or have a closer relationship with the West.

    • Rosicrucian32

      The thing is in these times my belief is that if Putin were to be replaced he would be followed by another with the same intentions. They will label them different, but the same truth still stands. No one could ever make a revolution properly in Soviet Russia, yet they cannot successfully step away from it either.
      You will always have the communists trying to tell the rest of the world that their way is best.
      The butt-hurt is strong in those commies after their world was disrupted. The funny part is the KGB that was in charge back in the day are the oligarchs that own all the toys now. Their underlings want their piece and regaining a communist state is the only way they see that they can achieve wealth in that country. I guess there is no Cyrillic word equivalent for capitalism……

      • William Glass

        They had better take a close look at what has happened to Europe over the last 10yrs. Would they be “occupying” countries that are now “INFESTED” with followers of Islam?

  • Giorgi Gulbani

    Problem is, Germany’s Merkel leads other EU leaders drive for appeasing Putin, despite the fact every concession to Putin means a land grab in another country. This short-sighted policy is based on a selfish and foolish idea that central and western European countries should not worry even if Russia invades eastern Europe. Someone should ask Ms Merkel, why on earth would Russian stop, say at Poland when Germany is much more appealing country to be looted by Russian mob? Guess, they believe US must protect them if that happens, while opposing every US move to strengthen NATO.

    • What land grab? Please say Crimea, you brainwashed idiot. When’s the last time you received what you voted for?

      • Giorgi Gulbani

        First of all, if anyone is idiot here it is you, nicknamed UnipartySchmuck! Bloody coward hiding behind a nick! What land grabs? Georgia 2008, which was followed by Crimea and Eastern Ukraine, you moron! Probably you are Putin troll, aren’t you? How much you get in roubles?

        • hardcase59

          Enough to buy his daily bottle of vodka.

          • I’d save a bottle of vodka’s life over a globalist Bush voter’s any day. Go blow up NY, Cuck.

        • I’m at 1309 Guthrie dr in Waco and I’d slap the skull & bones supporter out of you old man. Georgia IS Russia, and should be grateful they aren’t speaking arabic.

          • Giorgi Gulbani

            Funny 🙂 when the first Georgian Kingdoms start to form during I millennium BC, Russian nation didn’t exist at all. You started to wash yourselves when? Probably 2 millennia after Ibreria and Kolkha were centers of culture and civilization in Causasus, right? But, for you probably history starts at 1917 revolution, comrade! Putin can’t turn clock backwards, forget it and enjoy vodka.

          • You’re coming off stupid.

  • Bill Jr

    Russia’s Zapad War Games Unnerve Only The Europeans, Trump Could Care Less I’m Sure. Europeans Get Scared Every Time Putin Gets Off The John.

    • Red


    • Tish

      hahaha well said