Containers are piled up at Port Botany facilities in Sydney Australia, February 6, 2018. Picture taken February 6, 2018. REUTERS/Daniel Munoz
March 6, 2018
By Swati Pandey
SYDNEY (Reuters) – Surprisingly strong spending by Australia’s government provided a much-needed lift to economic growth last quarter, helping offset the drag from weather-dampened exports and extending the country’s 26-year run without recession.
Tuesday’s figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) showed government spending rose 1.7 percent in the fourth quarter to an inflation-adjusted A$83.16 billion ($64.67 billion) lifting potential for growth.
That was just as well as a drop in rural exports and a jump in consumer and oil imports combined to shave 0.5 percentage points off gross domestic product (GDP) in the quarter.
As a result, the country’s current account deficit widened to its largest in over a year at A$14 billion ($10.89 billion).
The GDP report is due on Wednesday and had been forecast to show growth of 0.6 percent in the fourth quarter, unchanged from the previous three-month period. <ECONAU>
Annual growth likely slowed to a still-respectable 2.5 percent, from 2.8 percent the previous quarter.
The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) has become more upbeat about economic activity in the last couple of months, thanks in part to unexpected strength in the domestic labor market and a synchronized upturn in global activity.
That is one reason the RBA is considered certain to leave interest rates at an all-time low 1.50 percent for the seventeenth straight meeting later in the day.
Analysts are divided evenly on the chance of a rate hike by December, while interest rate futures <0#YIB:> are not fully priced for a 25-basis point rise until early 2019.
Subdued consumer spending, which accounts for around 57 percent of GDP, cast a shadow over the RBA’s optimism.
While strength in retail and car sales in the fourth quarter suggest consumption made a substantial contribution to overall activity, data out on Tuesday showed that momentum faded in January.
Retail sales rose a tepid 0.1 percent, missing expectations for a gain of 0.4 percent due to weakness in clothing and department stores. Sales had dipped 0.5 percent in December.
Australia’s brick-and-mortar retailers have been struggling amid cut-throat competition and as relentless price discounts fail to entice customers facing paltry wage growth and mountains of debt.
(Reporting by Swati Pandey; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore)